Dyslipidemia is a condition that is caused by having abnormally high cholesterol or lipids in the blood. A buildup of lipids and cholesterol can cause plaque buildup that may eventually lead to heart disease. Dyslipidemia is caused by a variety of factors, including smoking, obesity, and consumption of highly saturated foods. Excessive alcohol consumption may also lead to dyslipidemia.
Individuals that experience dyslipidemia do not have noticeable symptoms, but can lead to heart disease, which is symptomatic. Dyslipidemia is often discovered through blood tests.